Welcome to my Metazoic site! This site discusses the existence of the creatures to come along after humans will be extinct. I first became interested in a world after man when I acquired my first copy of Dougal Dixon's After Man: A Zoology of the Future in 1992. However, I unwittingly created creatures that did not exist from the time I was about 8 years old. But it was after I obtained a copy of that book (now a collector's item) that I decided to take these same creatures I created as a child and make them more realistic in an evolutionary sense. Though it may be hard for a lot of us to grasp, humans will soon become extinct. One of the biggest factors of how this will happen is the current overpopulation rate. Which is why I don't contribute to the population. I created this world with little more than mammals fulfilling all ecological niches with the help of some friends. I even gave the era of the age after man a name, I called it the Metazoic, derived from the words for "After-era" (Meta, meaning after, and zoic meaning era). We are now in the Cenozoic era. To view all the animals I have created since I began this project, you can go to the "Meet the Mammals" section of this site. To discuss your own ideas about what you think will happen in the future world, and share your ideas with others, please feel free to leave a comment.
One more thing, some of you may find this site quite offensive, and you have a right to your own opinion. But please respect my right to have an opinion too. I'm not saying there is no GOD, I believe it was HIM who got the ball rolling. But I believe after that, evolution took over. There is so much more evidence of evolution than there is of creation. Even that going on right under our noses. Other than that, enjoy yourself and visit our many links.

Friday, March 13, 2009

Big Bad Birds

(A picture of an azdarchid pterosaur next to a giraffe and a human for comparison, by the excellent Paleo-Artist Mark Witton.)

To clarify, the subject of this week’s post is not the same as in this Penny Arcade strip.


Rather, this post discusses the possibility of gigantic, monstrous birds developing in the future.

For years, scientists have been fascinated and intrigued on how the pterosaurs, the premier flying animal group of the Mesozoic, achieved such colossal sizes, particularly the azdarchids. Azdarchids were massive pterosaurs, which grew to the size of giraffes and had wingspans of over 40 feet. For a long time the lifestyle of these animals was a mystery, until it was suggested by Darren Naish and Mark Witton that azdarchids were terrestrial stalkers, similar in lifestyle to ground hornbills today. Even more surprisingly, it has been suggested by several paleontologists, such as David Unwin, that the sizes of the azdarchids were not the upper limit of size that flying animals could achieve, and that wingspans of over sixty-six feet were possible!

Now, how in the world could an animal the size of a giraffe get into the air and fly. There have been many suggestions, but it has recently been discovered that pterosaurs had air-sacs in their wings, reducing their overall weight and allowing them to become airborne, as can be seen in this Tetrapod Zoology post.


This idea has been taken up by several other sources, such as Nemo Ramjet in his story Hatzegopteryx Rape. (There was another paleontologist who suggested this before, but I forget it now, dang...)

Birds also have their own equivalent of pterosaur air sacs, in the form of subcutaneous air sacs under the skin. In the aforementioned post, Darren Naish mentioned that several different types of birds today have these air sacs, including vultures, bustards, and pelicans. In addition to these, the most famous example of air sacs in birds can be seen in the screamers, bizarre quail-like birds from South America that are actually very primitive anseriforms (as in ducks and geese). The flesh of screamers is riddled with air sacs, which makes these birds rather unsavory to the people of the region.

So what does this mean for birds in the future? Well, the largest flying bird today is the wandering albatross (Diomedea exulans) and there have been larger flying birds in the past (Argentavis, with a wingspan of over five meters). However, due to subcutaneous air sacs, birds could possibly get even bigger in the future. Perhaps in the future, we could see much larger birds, perhaps volant species the size of a human or one of the ornithocheiroid pterosaurs (like Pteranodon). I would be hesitant to say that future birds could get to azdarchid size, but you never know.

However, there may be some problems with this idea. Some scientists suggest that the reason such large animals as the azdarchids could get airborne was the face that they walked on four legs, rather than two legs like modern birds. The additional strength of the extra limbs could help propel them into the air, and get them flying. Interestingly, bats today are quadrupedal, rather than bipedal, so if this theory is correct bats could achieve larger aerial sizes than they already have.


Timgal said...

Well, on my site I have gigantic bats.

Anonymous said...

The Future Is Wild has Deathgleaners.